There is a vast range of drugs presently used for treatment of HIV related infections. Over the period of treatment, virus may develop mutation and hence resistance against regular and proven drugs. Instead of direct exposure of new drugs to the patient, tests can be performed ex-situ to check if mutation in the virus will hinder the next treatment.
There are mainly three classes of drugs used for treatments: Protease inhibitors, Integrase inhibitors and Reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
This test should be performed before administration of drugs and planning a treatment for the affected individual. Sample accepted for this test is EDTA Plasma. Turn around time is 15 days.